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Common Eye Conditions

Throughout our lives, most of us will encounter an eye condition. While some might be mild and fleeting, others can be intricate, demanding specialised attention. The elusive nature of early symptoms in many eye conditions underscores the importance of regular eye screenings.


Glaucoma is a silent assailant, often showing no early signs, and is characterised by elevated intraocular pressure that can damage the optic nerve. The aftermath? Potentially vision loss or even blindness. Advanced stages can bring about symptoms like diminishing peripheral vision. It's of utmost importance, especially for those over 60 or with a family history, to go for regular screenings.


This often subtle refractive error, resulting from an irregularly shaped cornea, manifests as blurred or distorted vision. While slight astigmatism might go unnoticed, corrective lenses can assist with more pronounced cases.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Primarily affecting those with diabetes, diabetic retinopathy arises from elevated blood sugar levels, impeding the minuscule blood vessels servicing the retina. Over time, these vessels may leak or bleed. Effective diabetes management - incorporating physical activity and a balanced diet - paired with annual eye checks is essential.

Age-related Macular Degeneration

With advancing age comes the risk of AMD, a prevalent condition impairing central vision but not causing total blindness. As its early stages often go unnoticed, consistent eye examinations become crucial. Distorted visuals or blurred spots in your central vision warrant immediate medical attention.

Dry Eye Syndrome

When the tear-producing glands fall short, the result is this syndrome's dry, gritty sensation. Accompanying symptoms might include a burning sensation, visual blurring, and eye redness. While over-the-counter eye drops can provide relief, a thorough consultation with an optometrist can prevent potential corneal damage.


Often age-associated, cataracts cloud the lens, leading to symptoms like blurred vision, diminished night vision, and halos around lights. Lifestyle factors, including diabetes and smoking, can amplify the risk. Surgical intervention might be necessary when cataracts interfere with daily tasks.

Preserving Your Visual Health:

Scheduled Eye Exams: Start with timely visits to your optometrist, which is crucial for early detection and informed guidance.

UV Protection: Shielding your eyes from prolonged UV exposure with sunglasses can guard against conditions like cataracts and macular degeneration.

Safety First: Engaging in sports or tasks with potential eye hazards? Wear protective eyewear.

Nutrition Matters: Consume a balanced diet rich in vitamins A, E, and C, complemented by zinc and Omega-3 fatty acids.

Refrain from Smoking: Smoking elevates the risk for many health conditions, including those affecting the eyes.